Types of Umrah Pilgrimage in Islam

March 30, 2021

Umrah is a beautiful and important Islamic practice after Hajj. It is a holy pilgrimage to Mecca that can be undertaken at any time of the year. Umrah or the lesser pilgrimage gives calmness to the mind and purity to the soul. It is undertaken to breakfree from the worldly things and get closer to the Almighty.

Depending upon when Umrah is undertaken, it is of two types:

Umrah-ul-Mufradah – This type of Umrah can be performed at any time of the year except while performing Hajj. It is in no way related to the rituals associated with Hajj and can be undertaken independently.

Below are the steps mentioned that one needs to follow in sequence while performing Umrah-ul-Mufradah:

o    Wearing the Ihram: It is compulsory for people residing in Mecca to wear the Ihram and those who do not reside in Mecca can go to any of the five Miqats; Miqat Qarn al-Manazil, Miqat Yalamlam, Miqat Dhat ‘Irq, Miqat al-Juhfah, Miqat Dhu al-Hulayfah.

o    Tawaf: One should go around the Kaaba seven times anti-clockwise.

o    Salat al-tawaf: This prayer has two rak’as.

o    Sa’yee: One must walk 7 times between the mountains of al-Safa and al-Marwa.

o    After completing Salah and making Dua, it is compulsory to drink the water of Zamzam which is available around the Tawaf area and various water fountains and dispensers in Masjid al-Haram.

o    Taqsir or Halq: The pilgrim is free to choose between halq (shaving the head) or taqsir (cutting some hair)

Umrah ul-Tamattu – Unlike Umrah-ul-Mufradah, Umrah ul-Tamattu’ is performed only during the months of Hajj, a few days before the start of Hajj. The word Tamattu means to enjoy. Therefore, an individual who performs this Hajj enjoys both Umrah and Hajj together. Also, after the successful performance of this particular Umrah, a person is able to go back home and enjoy life without having to perform Ihram once again for Hajj.

Below are the steps mentioned that one needs to follow in sequence while performing Umrah-ul-Tamattu:

o    Wearing the ihram: People undertaking this Umrah are required to wear the Ihram from the miqat.

o    Tawaf: One should go around the Kaaba seven times anti-clockwise

o    Salat al-tawaf : This prayer has two rak’as and should be performed behind Maqam Ibrahim

o    Sa’yee: One must walk 7 times between the mountains of al-Safa and al-Marwa.

o    After completing Salah and making Dua, it is compulsory to drink the water of Zamzam which is available around the Tawaf area and various water fountains and dispensers in Masjid al-Haram.

o    Taqsir or Halq: The pilgrim is free to choose between halq (shaving the head) or taqsir (cutting some hair). It includes the exit from the ihram and everything that was prohibited during ihram.

Performing Umrah is an important practice in Islam. Anybody planning to undertake this pilgrimage needs to be mentally ready and physically fit. Only then can the person perform Umrah successfully.

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